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Facoltā di Scienze Agrarie e Alimentari Universitā degli Studi di Milano
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Plant biotechnology for the environment
Code: G610I-
Teacher:  Fabio Francesco Nocito
Year: 
Term: 
CFU: 
CFU subdivision: Lectures: 6
Basic aims:  To provide a general picture on the biotechnological strategies that can be usefully exploited for the reduction of the environmental impact of the techniques of management of the cultivations and for the development of useful plants in the balancing and environmental monitoring.
Acquired skills:  Knowledge on the biochemical and physiological processes of the plants exploitable for the management and the improvement of the environment.
Course contents:  ERBICIDES: action mechanisms; molecular bases of the resistance and the tolerance. MINERAL NUTRITION: nutrient acquisition and assimilation; regulation of the nutrient uptake and improvement of the use efficiency. PHYTOREMEDIATION: main techniques; molecular bases of the hyper-accumulation and the tolerance; improvement of the plants exploitable in phytoremediation. BIOSENSORS AND BIOINDICATORS: strategies for the development of biosensors and bioindicators.
Program:  HERBICIDES: Mechanisms of action of the modern herbicides. Selectivity. Molecular bases of the resistance and the tolerance to the herbicides. Search of sources of genetic variability for the constitution of resistant or tolerant plants. Strategies for the obtaining of resistant or tolerant plants. Some examples of tolerant or resistant transgenic plants. MINERAL NUTRITION: Acquisition, translocation and assimilation of the mineral nutrients. Techniques for the identifying and the study of genes involved in the mineral nutrition and in the nutrient transport. Selectivity. Regulation of the nutrient uptake. Improvement of the use efficiency of mineral nutrients. PHYTOREMEDIATION: Main phytoremediation tecniques: phytoextraction, rizofiltration, phytovolatilisation, phytodegradation. Factors conditioning the efficiency of the various techniques. Molecular bases of the hyperaccumulation and the tolerance. Improvement of the plants exploitable for phytoremediation. BIOSENSORS and BIOINDICATORS: Strategies for the development of biosensors and bioindicators for the environmental monitoring.
Prerequisites:  Previous knowledge: botany, physiology and biochemistry of the plants, molecular biology techniques.
Preparatory instructions:  Plant molecular physiology.
Learning materials:  Articles provided during the course.
Other info:  Modality of examination: presentation of a final work on pertaining themes.
Students will be evaluated for their capacity to expose and organize a final presentation about the state of the art of a relevant topic.
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Program of Plant biotechnology for the environment (pdf version)
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