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Facoltà di Scienze Agrarie e Alimentari Università degli Studi di Milano
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Plant breeding
Code: G590V-
Teacher:  Salvatore Roberto Pilu
Year: 
Term: 
CFU: 
CFU subdivision: Lectures: 5
Practices in classroom: 0,5
Practices in laboratory:  0,5
Basic aims:  Plant breeding has deeply modified  the agriculture all over the world  permitting a dramatic  increase in crop production through the utilization of modern biotechnological  techniques. For this reason the deep study of this  discipline is  fundamental for a full comprehension  of the modern agriculture.
Acquired skills:  In this course the students  will  acquire the knowledge regarding the fundamental  techniques used in plant breeding, from classical plant breeding (e.g.  recurrent selection,  inbred line extraction,   backcrossing,  hybrid varieties and mutagenesis )    to modern molecular tools (e. g. marker assisted selection,  genetic modified crops).
Course contents:  Essentials of Genetics. Plant propagations and genetic constitution of the main crops. Essential of genetics improvement in plant breeding. New tools: marker assisted selection (MAS) and genetically modified plants (GM crops).
Program:  Essentials of Genetics: Quantitative genetics and Population genetics. Chromosome and gene mutations. Plant propagations: allogamy, autogamy and vegetative propagation. Genetic constitution of the main crops: natural populations, ecotypes, synthetic populations, clones, inbreed lines, hybrids. Essential of genetics improvement in plant breeding: recurrent selection, inbred line extraction, backcrossing, hybrid varieties and mutagenesis. The “green revolution” and its genetic basis. New tools: marker assisted selection (MAS) and genetically modified plants (GM crops): resistance to pests and herbicides and other examples.
Prerequisites:  none
Preparatory instructions:  none
Learning materials:  slides of course and the book:
Genetica e genomica, Volume II Miglioramento genetico. liguore editore. barcaccia/falcinelli
Other info:  written examination
DOWNLOAD
Program of Plant breeding (pdf version)
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