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Facoltà di Scienze Agrarie e Alimentari Università degli Studi di Milano
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International cooperation and crop-livestock systems
Code: G581G-
Teacher:  Gianni Matteo Crovetto
CFU subdivision: Lectures: 5
Other: 1
Basic aims:  Aim of the course is to provide the agronomists who intend to
work in the field of the international cooperation, with the
analysis factors of the agro-feeding systems in the developing
countries. Firstly, the present agricultural and livestock
productive structures in the different geographic, ecological and
climatic areas of the world are described. Secondly, a review of
the concepts and principles related to feed security and feed
safety are also presented and discussed, liaising with the
dynamics of the domestic and international markets. Both the
rural and the peri-urban areas are considered in this survey. By
a systemic approach some important food chains are analysed,
with a particular reference to the use of sustainable productive
factors and to the set-up of farm systems for the agricultural
and livestock productions. Starting from case studies, a
methodology is proposed to plan development projects in crop
and animal production, to implement and to monitor them in
view of an economic and environmental sustainability. The
present issues dealing with the food and environment crises,
with the North/South imbalance, and with the tools of the
international cooperation, are presented and discussed also
with the contribute of some outside experts.
Acquired skills:  At the end of the course and when the final examination will be
positively passed, the student will have gained knowledge and
expertise on the different crop and livestock husbandry systems
and technologies in the world, with the critical points and the
assets of each system. He/she will have also learnt how to plan,
implement and monitor a development project on agriculture and
animal production social friendly and economically and
environmentally sustainable.
Course contents:  Overview of the present situation in terms of
development/under-development in the various geographic
areas of the world. Gap between income and population
density. Food excess and shortage in the world. Problems
linked to increasing demography and urbanism. The different
crop and livestock systems in the world. Erosion, desertification
and the grazing systems. The “mixed” systems. Landless farms
and animal rearing systems: social and environmental aspects.
Intensive animal husbandry: damage, opulence or opportunity?
International Cooperation and Developing Countries. The NGO.
Planning of development projects: from the analysis of the
needs to the description of the project, its implementation and
subsequent monitoring. Case studies of agricultural/livestock
development projects. The role of the counterpart and that of
the extension service. Microcredit, a tool, not a goal.
Program:  World demographic growth, denutrition and malnutrition, social
and economic imbalances, evolution, trends and forecasts in food
consumption, particularly food of animal origin, in the Planet. Soil
use for crop and animal production in the different areas of the
world: extensive, semi-intensive, and intensive systems. Assets
and limits of pasture. The need for arable land to produce feeds:
consequences of deforestation. Land grabbing in the developing
countries (DC). Carbon and water foot-print of the different
commodities and foods of animal origin. Food of animal origin in
the DC: luxury or right? Animal husbandry for self-consumption
and for the market. Assets and limits of the exported technologies
from the industrialized countries. Assets and limits of globalization.
Food security, food safety and environmental sustainability of the
different livestock systems. The role of the international
cooperation. The development projects: case studies examples.
The importance of the local extension service and of the active
and responsible involvement of the counterpart and of the
beneficiaries. Dairy and meat production systems and chains in
different situations: the pastoral nomadism, the “minor” species
farms and the monogastrics (pigs, broilers, laying hens) production
Prerequisites:  No specific expertise is required
Preparatory instructions:  No preceding/introductory exams are required
Learning materials:  Minutes of the lessons.
Scientific papers and documents and informative articles and
reports are available on ARIEL
Other info:  Oral examination. The student can prepare a review on a
given topic which will be discussed during the
Workshops and seminars dealing with the topics of the
course will be brought to the attention of the students and they
will be strongly encouraged to participate in these events.
Program of International cooperation and crop-livestock systems (pdf version)
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