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Facoltā di Scienze Agrarie e Alimentari Universitā degli Studi di Milano
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Anatomy and Physiology of Domestic Animals
Code: G280FC
Teacher:  Fabia Rosi
Year: 
Term: 
CFU: 
CFU subdivision: Lectures: 3,5
Practices in laboratory:  0,5
Basic aims:  The course supplies basics of vertebrate biology, and an introduction to the structural organization and physiological mechanisms of domestic animals. It has the aim to provide basic acquaintance and specific knowledge, necessary to the studies of animal nutrition and animal production. The course provides also knowledge about the basic principles of genetics and their applications to farm animal species.
Acquired skills:  Basic acquaintance and specific knowledge of structure and function of domestic animals, with emphasis on physiological systems of importance to animal nutrition and animal production. Ability of comparing the anatomy and the physiology of different mammals. Skills in biological and technical language necessary to describe physiological processes. Knowledge of the hereditary transmission of qualitative and quantitative traits in farm animal species.
Course contents:  Unit 1: Anatomy and Physiology of Domestic Animals
Basics on animal tissues. Locomotor apparatus. Circulatory apparatus. Blood cells. Plasma and serum. Respiratory Apparatus. Digestive apparatus. Urinary Apparatus. Female reproductive apparatus. Male reproductive apparatus. Biology of the mammary gland.
Program:  Unit 1: Anatomy and Physiology of Domestic Animals
The course supplies basics of vertebrate biology, and an introduction to the structural organization and physiological mechanisms of the domestic animals. It has the aim to provide a cultural basis and specific cognitive elements, necessary to the studies of animal nutrition and animal production. Moreover, comparisons with the anatomy and the physiology of birds and fishes are proposed, and structural and physiological characteristics of the animal products (meat, milk, eggs) are approached. Basics on Animal tissues (types and functions of epithelial, connective, muscular and nervous tissues). Locomotor apparatus: Structure and physiology of bone. Anatomy and physiology of the muscle fiber. Circulatory apparatus: Anatomy: heart, capillaries, arteries and veins. Physiology: myocardium, cardiac cycle, regulation of the cardiovascular functions. Blood cells. Plasma and serum. Haematopoiesis, haemostasis and coagulation. Lymph and lymphatic vessels. Respiratory Apparatus: Anatomy: airways, lungs, and pleura. Physiology: respiratory cycle, transport of gases, nervous control of breathing. Digestive apparatus: Anatomy: oral cavity, salivary glands, esophagus, stomach in monogastric and in podiatric animals, intestine, pancreas and liver. Physiology: mastication, salivary secretion, swallowing, stomach and presto mach muscular activity, ruminal fermentations, gastric, pancreatic and enteric juice, bile, gastro-enteric hormones, intestinal motility, digestion and absorption, metabolism. Urinary Apparatus: Anatomy: kidney, ureters, bladder and urethra, renal circulation. Physiology: filtration to glomerular, reabsorption and secretion, endocrine regulation, renal hormones, water-salt steady state, composition of the urine. Female reproductive apparatus: Anatomy: ovary, oviduct and uterus. Physiology: oogenesis, ovarian cycle, ovarian and hypothalamic hormones, pregnancy and delivery. Male reproductive apparatus: Anatomy: testis, excretory genital ducts, accessory genital glands. Physiology: spermatogenesis, male sexual hormones, function of the annexed glands. Biology of the mammary gland: morphology of the breast, endocrine signals in lactopoiesis, mammary secretion, colostrum and milk, endocrinology of the lactation. Endocrine system. Comparative anatomy and physiology: mammals, birds and fishes.
Prerequisites:  Chemistry
Preparatory instructions:  Animal production, animal nutrition, animal genetics
Learning materials:  Unit 1: Anatomy and Physiology of Domestic Animals
1) Functional Anatomy and Physiology of Domestic
Animals, William O. Reece Wiley-Blackwell, ISBN: 978-0-
8138-1451-3 2009
2) Junqueira's Basic Histology: Text & Atlas. Mescher,
Anthony L., Publisher: McGraw-Hill Professional. 2013
Other info:  Unit 1: Anatomy and Physiology of Domestic Animals
In itinere written tests and final oral exams to find out the
level of knowledge and ability to express and use
scientific concepts in words
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Program of Anatomy and Physiology of Domestic Animals (pdf version)
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