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Facoltā di Scienze Agrarie e Alimentari Universitā degli Studi di Milano
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Agricultural Genetics and Crop Science - Unit 2: Field Crops
Code: G280AB
Teacher:  Alessia Perego
CFU subdivision: Lectures: 5
Practices in classroom: 0,5
Other: 0,5
Basic aims:  The aim of the course is to provide the basis of plant genetics for understanding the genetics of crops and biotechnology applied to plant breeding. In addition, aim of the course is to provide the students with knowledge on the most important herbaceous field crops grown in Italy. For each species, its world distribution and relevance, main botanical, physiological and agronomic features, and cropping techniques will be treated.
Acquired skills:  In this course the student will acquire the knowledge regarding the fundamental techniques used in plant breeding, from classical plant breeding (e.g. recurrent selection, inbred line extraction, backcrossing, hybrid varieties and mutagenesis ) to modern molecular tools (e. g. marker assisted selection, genetic modified crops). In addition the students will acquire technical and scientific knowledge to work in the cereal, forage-livestock, agro-food, agro-energy and seed sectors.
Course contents:  The course will emphasise the role of the herbaceous field crops as food and feed, as well as raw materials in the 'non-food' industry.
Program:  Introduction. The herbaceous field crops in the Italian farming systems: classification. Productivity of herbaceous field crops and prospects of quantitative increase and qualitative improvement of their products. Cereals: wheat, minor species (emmer, barley, triticale), maize sorghum, rice. Grain legumes: soybean and pea. Oil species: sunflower. Tuber plants: potato. Biomass and bio-fuel crops. Forages: classification and agronomic aspects; the major forage families: grasses and legumes; temporary crops; meadows and pastures; forage conservation.
For each species the following topics will be treated:
- importance, origin and distribution,
- botanical features and systematics,
- biological cycle and production determinants,
- pedo-climatic needs,
- variety choice,
- cropping technique,
- biotic and abiotic stresses,
- product quality.
Prerequisites:  Basic knowledge of botany and physiology. Needed knowledge on agronomy.
Preparatory instructions:  Exam of Agronomy
Learning materials:  Along the course, specific teaching materials will be provided (detailed lecture notes and slides of lectures).
For consultation:
Baldoni R. e Giardini L., 2000, Patron Editore, Bologna (3 Vol.).
Other info:  The exam will be in oral form and focussed on the topics dealt with during the lessons and reported on the teaching materials provided to the students (book of lecture notes, slides)
Program of Agricultural Genetics and Crop Science - Unit 2: Field Crops (pdf version)
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