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Facoltā di Scienze Agrarie e Alimentari Universitā degli Studi di Milano
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General Biology: 2 Animal Biology
Code: G2804D
Teacher:  Giorgio Scari'
CFU subdivision: Lectures: 3
Practices in laboratory:  1
Basic aims:  The course aims at improving the knowledge on plant organisms, from prokaryotic cyanobacteria to angiosperms, with emphasis on spermatophyte families and species of agronomic, food and medicinal relevance. Furthermore, the course deals with basic zoology, focusing on the body plain (bauplan) of the more relevant Phyla.
Acquired skills:  Basic knowledge on plant and animal biology needed for the next studies in the field of agricultural sciences.
Course contents:  This program addresses three general questions about animals: 1) How do they work (form, function, behavior, physiology, ecology)? 2) How do they develop (gene expression, cell biology, embryology morphogenesis)? and 3) How do they evolve (genetics, diversity, phylogeny)?
Program:  Unit 2: Animal Biology

Animal Cells
The nucleus and the nucleolus. Chromatin organization.
Genetic information and its expression: replication, transcript, translation, genetic code
Cytoplasm: the relationship between the structure and function of the Cytoskeleton, Endoplasmatic Reticulum, Golgi Apparatus.
Mitocondris and cellular oxidations.
Cellular cycle and the mitosis.
General morphofunctional characteristics and anatomical location of the epithelial covering and glandular tissues, support connectives and trophics, skeletal, cardiac, smooth and nervous muscle.

Organization of the animals and human body, anatomical position, section plans, corporal cavities. Locomotor apparatus: Skeleton and its functions; general notions articular systems classification; general notions of the skeletal muscles.
Integumentary apparatus: skin and attached cutaneous.
Cardiovascular apparatus: general characteristics of blood and lymphatic circulation heart structure and conformation, pericardium, arteries, veins, capillaries land ymphoide organs.
Digestive apparatus: organization of the food channel anatomy.
Urinary apparatus: kidneys organization and microscopic anatomy, urinary pathways organizations.
Genital apparatus: organization and anatomy of the gonads and the masculine and female genital pathways gametogenesis.
Endocrine system. Morphofuncional characteristic of endocrine glands
Nervous system: general organization of the CNS; general notions on nerves; brainstem and cranial nerves encefalici; cerebellum; diencephalon and cerebrum.
Survey of physiological systems that regulate levels of gases, food, energy, temperature, water, and ions. Examples from invertebrates and vertebrates
Animal development from fertilization through birth.
The functional anatomy and life cycles of the major invertebrate taxa are emphasized.
A comparative survey of vertebrates, focusing on their morphology, classification, and phylogeny.
Prerequisites:  Cell biology, chemistry and physics (basic knowledge) are prerequisite to all Biology courses
Preparatory instructions:  nothing
Learning materials:  Solomon, Berg, Martin. Biology EdiSES
Other info:  The slides are downlodable at Usr: anonymous
Pwd: anonymous

final exam made up to open writing test and (plus) oral test
Program of General Biology: 2 Animal Biology (pdf version)
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