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Facoltā di Scienze Agrarie e Alimentari Universitā degli Studi di Milano
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ECOLOGY AND CROP SYSTEMS: TREE CROPS
Code: G260RB
Teacher:  Anna Spinardi
Year: 
Term: 
CFU: 
CFU subdivision: Lectures: 3
Practices in classroom: 0,25
Other: 0,75
Basic aims:  The corse is aimed at providing fundamental knowledge about the management of agro-ecosystems. The first part is focused in particular on the analysis and the interpretation of the systems and on interaction between climatic driving forces and agro-ecosystem. Te scond part provides the concepts of genetics, phenology, morphology, physiology, agronomy and plant trees for basic knowledge of tree-cropping systems.
Acquired skills:  Students can get competences needed for understanding and interpreting the ecological mechanisms ruling crop production processes and their interactions with the management activities of the farmer. Moreover, students will get competnces in biology and ecology of woody plants, agronomy, cropping systems of trees.
Course contents:  The course aims to provide the knowledge tools for the analysis of tree-cropping systems in terms of agroecology. The first part of the course will be devoted to understanding the biology of woody plants with special reference to those important for the distribution areas of northern Italy (fruit crops, grapevines, poplar). It will describe the main morphological and physiological aspects related to their productivity. Will then address major cultivation techniques specific tree-cropping systems in relation to possible environmental impact. So we dwell on the relationship between environmental factors important in determining the productivity of the same.
Program:  CFU I. Fruit trees: botanical classification, ecological, historical and economic aspects. The main tree-cropping systems: arboriculture fruit (fruit crops, viticulture, olives, ...), arboriculture and urban forestry. Structural aspects and management. Tree crop structure. Grow habitus. The training systems.

CFU II. Physiology of development, grow and fruiting. Pruning and canopy managements. Propagation and nursery organization. The rootstock.

CFU III. Phenology. Soil and climate effects on tree cropping systems: limiting factors and land suitability to fruit trees.

CFU IV. Introduction to tree crop ecophysiology. Cultural techniques: soil, water and nutritional managements.

Tutorials. Tree structures. Analysis of some tree crop systems in Italy. Recognition of the main tree crops.
Prerequisites:  Botany and agronomy principles..
Preparatory instructions:  None
Learning materials:  Sansavini S. (editor) Arboricoltura generale (Pātron, 2012).
Please consider chapters: 1, 3, 4, 5, 8, 10, 12, 13, 14 e 15.



Articles in agazines mentioned during the course.
Other info:  Oral examination on the topics delivered during the course.
DOWNLOAD
Program of ECOLOGY AND CROP SYSTEMS: TREE CROPS (pdf version)
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