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Facoltā di Scienze Agrarie e Alimentari Universitā degli Studi di Milano
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General Agronomy
Code: G260A-
Teacher:  Luca Bechini
CFU subdivision: Lectures: 6,5
Practices in classroom: 0,75
Other: 0,75
Basic aims:  Gain an integrated view of meteorological, edaphic and biological factors which contribute to crop production. Understanding the effect of agronomic interventions on factors of production.
Ability to understand the reasons of different cultivation paths in open fields under different conditions of climate, soil and availability of resources and different goals in terms of production and environmental impact.
Acquired skills:  Knowing how to diagnose the state of the agroecosystem by integrating visual assessments and assessments based on measurement of chemical or physical variables related to atmosphere, soil and crop. Being able to identify the need of soil arrangement or interventions to improve soil fertility before cultivation. Knowing how to define the quantitative aspects of interventions and their timing of a cultivation path.
Course contents:  Aims and methods of agronomy. Role of meteorological variables in crop production: radiation, temperature, humidity, wind, hydrometeors. Tillage: purposes and types. Fertility of soils and fertilization management. Weed flora and weeding. Practicals: field days, calculation of nutrient management plans. Introduction to arable crops. Wheat. Maize
Program:  1. Introduction to agronomy.
2. Agrometeorology.
3. Soil structure and soil-water relations.
4. Tillage.
5. Fertilization and nutrient management.
6. Soil amendment.
7. Weed control.
8. Introduction to arable crops. Wheat. Maize
Prerequisites:  Knowledge of differences between monocotiledon e dycotiledon plants. Basic of photosynthesis. Basic of plant respiration. Basic of role of N, P and K in plants. Basic elements of conversion among measurement units. Basic of geometry (surfaces and volumes computation). Basic of chemistry.
Preparatory instructions:  General biology and genetics. General and systematic botany. General, inorganic and organic chemistry. Physics. Mathematics . Data statistical analysis. Fundamentals of computer use. Crop biochemistry and physiology. Soil science. Soil chemistry. Soil microbiology.
Learning materials:  Ceccon, P., Fagnano, M., Grignani, C., Monti, A., Orlandini, S., 2017. Agronomia, 1st ed. EdiSES, Napoli.
Other info:  A written examination on all topics of the course is followed by an optional oral examination.
Program of General Agronomy (pdf version)
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