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Facoltà di Scienze Agrarie e Alimentari Università degli Studi di Milano
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Livestock Farming System - Animal Production
Code: G2606A
Teacher:  Gianluca Galassi
Year: 
Term: 
CFU: 
CFU subdivision: Lectures: 4
Practices in classroom: 0,5
Other: 0,5
Basic aims:  Aim of the course is to provide the basic knowledge of animal nutrition and feeding and of cattle and swine rearing techniques, with particular reference to their environmental impacts.
Acquired skills:  Tools and methods for a technical evaluation of the intensive dairy cattle and swine production.
Course contents:  Basic knowledge on the anatomy and physiology of the digestive tract. Notes on the chemical analyses of the animal feeds. Digestibility. Notes on energy and protein metabolism. Evaluation of some feeding strategies to reduce the excretion of the main environmental polluters. Main nutritive requirements of dairy cattle and pigs. Evaluation of the chemical-nutritive characteristics of the main animal feeds and production techniques related. Intensive dairy cattle production and swine production. Notes on the slaughter and on carcass and meat quality.
Program:  Evolution of Italian animal husbandry: from the maximum
productivity to the attention to animal welfare. The
changes in progress and future prospects.
Statistical data: the importance of animal husbandry at
global, European, Italian and regional level.
Basic knowledge on the anatomy and physiology of the
digestive tract in ruminants and monogastrics. Review on
the chemical composition of feeds: carbohydrates, lipids,
proteins. Notes on the main chemical analyses for the
determination of dry matter, ash, protein, ether extract,
fibrous fractions and starch. Digestibility and factors
affecting it. Notes on energy and protein metabolism in
ruminants and monogastrics. The concept of the "ideal
protein" and of the ileal digestible aminoacids for the pig.
Evaluation of some feeding strategies to reduce the
excretion of the main environmental polluters. The
importance of the best ratio administration/requirements;
the "multiphase feeding".
Main nutritive requirements of dairy cattle and pigs.
Evaluation of the chemical-nutitive characteristics of the
main animal feeds and production techniques related.
Swine production: swine breeds; sow reproduction,
management and feeding; rearing and finishing
techniques of the light and of the heavy pig; notes on the
organic swine farming system. Intensive dairy cattle
production: dairy cattle breeds; reproduction, managing
and feeding; milk production. Notes on the slaughter and
on the carcass and meat quality.
Prerequisites:  Basic knowledge of chemistry and biochemistry
Preparatory instructions:  It is recommended to have taken: Biology, General and
inorganic chemistry and Organic chemistry.
Learning materials:  Slide are made available to students during the course.
Reference textbook: “Appunti di Suinicoltura” by Pier
Giorgio Monetti – Cristiano Giraldi Editore; “La Vacca Da
Latte” by Giuseppe Succi and Inge Hoffmann – CittàStudi;
“Zootecnia speciale” by Giuseppe Succi –
CittàStudiEdizioni; “Nutrizione degli animali in produzione
zootecnica” by Mauro Antongiovanni – Edagricole. Notes
from the course lessons. On-line course.
http://ariel.unimi.it/User/Default.aspx
Other info:  Oral examination at the end of the course. The test is
based on a conversation on the topics of the program to
ascertain the level of knowledge of the examinee.
DOWNLOAD
Program of Livestock Farming System - Animal Production (pdf version)
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