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Facoltà di Scienze Agrarie e Alimentari Università degli Studi di Milano
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ENTOMOLOGY AND PHYTOSANITARY PRODUCTS: Plant protection
Code: G2602B
Teacher:  Ivo Ercole Rigamonti
Year: 
Term: 
CFU: 
CFU subdivision: Lectures: 3
Practices in classroom: 0,5
Practices in laboratory:  0,5
Basic aims:  The course aims to provide basic knowledge of general and applied entomology, with particular emphasis to taxa inhabiting agro-ecosystems and on procedures to estimate and manage the entomological component in this environment.
Acquired skills:  Basic knowledge of entomology; measurement and insect biodiversity conservation in agro-ecosystems; pest management strategies.
Course contents:  1. Phylum Arthropoda, Class Insecta;
2. General notions of entomology;
3. Elements of ecology of phytophage populations • Population dynamics;
4. Concept of damage and intervention threshold and their determination • IPM in agroecosystems, the concept of Key Pest agroecosystem • General concepts of biological control • Using alternative means to chemical control: pheromones, mass trapping, mating disruption • The main agro-ecosystems;
5. Insects as biological environmental indicators;
6. The measurement of biodiversity, with particular reference to agricultural entomology
Program:  1. Phylum Arthropoda, Class Insecta 2. General notions of entomology • Head, chest, abdomen and appendages. • Chewing, sucking and piercing mouthparts, the tegument • Internal systems: digestive system, physiology of digestion • Muscular, circulatory, reproductive and respiratory systems • The neuron and the nervous system and its physiology • Postembryonic development, mute / metamorphosis, age, holometabolous, heterometabolous 3. Elements of ecology of phytophage populations • Population dynamics • Models of growth of a population of insects • Estimating the size of a population • Population fluctuations • r and K Strategies in r and K-selective development environments • Life tables, demographic patterns • Forest biocenosis, reference theories 4. Concept of damage and intervention threshold and their determination • IPM in agroecosystems, the concept of Key Pest agroecosystem • General concepts of biological control • Using alternative means to chemical control: pheromones, mass trapping, mating disruption • The main agricultural phytophages, systematic notions • The main agro-ecosystems, the vineyard • Forest systems, principles of forest entomology • Principles of Urban Entomology 5. Insects as biological environmental indicators 6. The measurement of biodiversity, with particular reference to agricultural entomology
Prerequisites:  Animal biology, botany, fruit tree production
Preparatory instructions:  no
Learning materials:  1. Gli Insetti e il loro controllo, 2014. F. Pennacchio - Liguori Editore, Napoli.
2. Lineamenti di Entomologia, 2006. P.J. Gullan & P.S. Cranston – Zanichelli, Bologna.
3. Biodiversità e controllo dei fitofagi negli agroecosistemi, 2003. M. A. Altieri et al. - Accademia Nazionale di Entomologia, Roma.
Other info:  The final exam consists of an interview aimed to assess the student's knowledge on both theoretical and technical aspects of the matter.
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Program of ENTOMOLOGY AND PHYTOSANITARY PRODUCTS: Plant protection (pdf version)
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