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Facoltà di Scienze Agrarie e Alimentari Università degli Studi di Milano
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ENTOMOLOGY AND PHYTOSANITARY PRODUCTS: Plant protection
Code: G2602B
Teacher:  Ivo Ercole Rigamonti
Year: 
Term: 
CFU: 
CFU subdivision: Lectures: 3
Practices in classroom: 0,5
Practices in laboratory:  0,5
Basic aims:  The course aims to provide basic knowledge of general and applied entomology, with particular emphasis to taxa inhabiting agro-ecosystems and on procedures to estimate and manage the entomological component in this environment.
Acquired skills:  Basic knowledge of entomology; measurement and insect biodiversity conservation in agro-ecosystems; pest management strategies.
Course contents:  1. Phylum Arthropoda, Classes Insecta and Acarina;
2. General notions of entomology;
3. Elements of Insect population ecology • Population dynamic;
4. Concept of damage and economic thresholds and their determination • IPM in agroecosystems, the concept of Key Pest agroecosystem • General concepts of biological control • Using alternative means to chemical control • an example of agro-ecosystem;
5. Insects as biological environmental indicators;
6. The measurement of biodiversity, with particular reference to agricultural entomology
Program:  1. Phylum Arthropoda, Class Insecta
2. General notions of entomology • Morphology: Head, thorax, abdomen. • Chewing, sucking and piercing mouthparts, the tegument • Internal systems: digestive, excretion, muscular, circulatory, reproductive, endocrine, exocrine and respiratory systems • The neuron and the nervous system and its physiology • Postembryonic development, mute / metamorphosis, age / stage, holometabolism, hemimetabolism. Mites.
3. Elements of insect population ecology • Population dynamics • Models of growth of a population of insects • Estimating the size of a population • Population fluctuations • r and K Strategies in r and K-selective development environments • Life tables, demographic patterns •
4. Concept of damage and economic thresholds and their determination • IPM in agroecosystems, the concept of Key Pest agroecosystem • General concepts of biological control • Using alternative means to chemical control: pheromones, mass trapping, mating disruption • The main agricultural phytophages, systematic notions • A case study agro-ecosystems, the vineyard •
5. Insects as biological environmental indicators
6. The measurement of biodiversity, with particular reference to agricultural entomology
Prerequisites:  Animal biology, botany, fruit tree production
Preparatory instructions:  no
Learning materials:  Gli Insetti e il loro controllo. F. Pennacchio - Liguori Editore, Napoli.
Lineamenti di Entomologia. P.J. Gullan, P.S. Cranston – Zanichelli, Bologna.
Entomologia applicata, volume 1. E. Tremblay - Liguori Editore, Napoli.
Insect Ecology. An ecosystem approach. T.D: Schowalter – Academic Press (disponibile on line).
Lecture slides and notes
Other info:  The final exam consists of an interview aimed to assess the student's knowledge on both theoretical and technical aspects of the matter.
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Program of ENTOMOLOGY AND PHYTOSANITARY PRODUCTS: Plant protection (pdf version)
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