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Facoltā di Scienze Agrarie e Alimentari Universitā degli Studi di Milano
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Plant biology: biology of plant cell
Code: G250SA
Teacher:  Luca Espen
Year: 
Term: 
CFU: 
CFU subdivision: Lectures: 5
Basic aims:  Unit 1: The course aims to provide basic knowledge of plant cytology useful for understanding the structural organization of higher plants and preparatory to the study of biochemical and physiological processes that determine productivity.
Unit 2: The course aims to provide basic knowledge of cytology, heredity and plant morphology useful for understanding the structural organization of higher plants and preparatory to the study of biochemical and physiological processes that determine productivity.
Acquired skills:  Unit.1: Knowledge of the composition, function and characteristics of biological molecules and plant cell structures.
Unit 2: Knowledge of the systems and tissue of plant organs. Understanding of biological processes of growth, differentiation, reproduction and heredity.
Course contents:  Unit 1
Characteristics of the living organisms. Autotrophy and heterotrophy. Chemical bonds. Water. Macromolecules. The cell and the characteristics of plant cell. Plant cell growth. Nucleus and genetic information.
Program:  Unit 1
The characteristics of the living organisms. Role of the plant in the biosphere. Energy and metabolism. Autotrophy and heterotrophy. Overview of the plant kingdom. Principles of biological chemistry. Chemical bonds and chemical functional groups. Water and H bond. Structure and functions of biological molecules: carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, nucleic acids. The cell theory. Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. Structure and functions of biological membranes. Cytosol e cytoskeleton. Endomembranes: endoplasmic reticulum and dictyosomes. Ribosomes, microbodies and spherosomes. Mitochondria: structure and functions. The plant cell: genesis, structure and functions of plastids, vacuole and cell wall. Osmosis and cell enlargement Nucleus and chromosomes. Genes and karyotype. Cell division: mitosis.
Prerequisites:  Info not available
Preparatory instructions:  Info not available
Learning materials:  Slides of the lessons.
The following textes are suggested:
- Biology of Plants. Raven P.H., Evert R.F., Eichhorn S.E. W.H.Freeman & Co Ltd; ISBN13 9781464113512 (2012);
- Life: the science of biology (7th edn). W. K. Purves, D. Sadava, G. H. Orians and H. C. Heller, W. H. Freeman & Co, 1121 pp., ISBN 0-7167-9856-5 (2004);
Other info:  Writen text containing 15 questions.
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Program of Plant biology: biology of plant cell (pdf version)
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