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Facoltā di Scienze Agrarie e Alimentari Universitā degli Studi di Milano
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Anatomy and Physiology of Domestic Animals
Code: G2409A
Teacher:  Fabia Rosi
CFU subdivision: Lectures: 3,5
Practices in laboratory:  0,5
Basic aims:  The course supplies basics of vertebrate biology and an introduction to the structural organization and physiological mechanisms of domestic and alpine wild mammals. It has the aim to provide a cultural basis and specific knowledge, necessary to the studies of animal production. Moreover, the anatomy and the physiology of different mammals will be compared.
Acquired skills:  Basic acquaintance and specific knowledge of structure and function of domestic animals, with emphasis on physiological systems of importance to animal nutrition and animal production. Ability of comparing the anatomy and the physiology of different mammals. Skills in biological and technical language necessary to describe physiological processes.
Course contents:  Basics on animal tissues. Locomotor apparatus. Circulatory apparatus. Blood cells. Respiratory Apparatus. Digestive apparatus. Excretory Apparatus. Female reproductive apparatus. Male reproductive apparatus. Biology of the mammary gland.
Biology of alpine wild game
Biology of river and lake fishes
Program:  Basics on animal tissues (types and functions of epithelial, connective, muscular and nervous tissues). Locomotor apparatus: Structure and physiology of bone. Anatomy and physiology of the muscle fiber. Circulatory apparatus: Anatomy: heart, capillaries, arteries and veins. Physiology: myocardium, cardiac cycle, regulation of the cardiovascular functions. Blood cell. Plasma and serum. Haematopoiesis, haemostasis and coagulation. Lymph and lymphatic vessels. Respiratory Apparatus: Anatomy: airways, lungs, and pleura. Physiology: respiratory cycle, transport of gases, nervous control of breathing. Digestive apparatus: Anatomy: oral cavity, salivary glands, esophagus, stomach in monogastric and in podiatric animals, intestine, pancreas and liver. Physiology: mastication, salivary secretion, swallowing, stomach and presto mach muscular activity, ruminal fermentations, gastric, pancreatic and enteric juice, bile, gastro-enteric hormones, intestinal motility, digestion and absorption, metabolism. Urinary Apparatus: Anatomy: kidney, ureters, bladder and urethra, renal circulation. Physiology: filtration to glomerular, reabsorption and secretion, endocrine regulation, renal hormones, water-salt steady state, composition of the urine. Female reproductive apparatus: Anatomy: ovary, oviduct and uterus. Physiology: oogenesis, ovarian cycle, ovarian and hypothalamic hormones, pregnancy and delivery. Male reproductive apparatus: Anatomy: testis, excretory genital ducts, accessory genital glands. Physiology: spermatogenesis, male sexual hormones, function of the annexed glands. Biology of the mammary gland: morphology of the breast, endocrine signals in lactopoiesis, mammary secretion, colostrum and milk, endocrinology of the lactation. Comparative anatomy, physiologyand habitat of mountain wild vertebrates.
Prerequisites:  Basic knowledge of animal biology and general
and organic chemistry
Preparatory instructions:  Basis knowledge of Animal Biology and Organic Chemistry is not
compulsory, but highly advisable.
Learning materials:  1) Functional Anatomy and Physiology of
Animals, William O. Reece Wiley-Blackwell,
ISBN: 978-0-
8138-1451-3 2009
2) Junqueira's Basic Histology: Text & Atlas.
Anthony L., Publisher: McGraw-Hill Professional.
Other info:  in itinere written tests and final oral exams to find out the level of
knowledge and ability to express and use scientific concepts in
Program of Anatomy and Physiology of Domestic Animals (pdf version)
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