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Silvicultural systems - part 2: Forest planning
Code: G2404B
Teacher:  Giorgio Vacchiano
CFU subdivision: Lectures: 3
Practices in classroom: 1
Basic aims:  Knowledge of principles and techniques of forest management.
Use of instruments and techniques for survey in forest
Acquisition of knowledges and competences about forest biology
and forest preserve.
Drafting plane of forest management.
Acquired skills:  At the end of the course the student will be able to use the
instruments of mesure and survey in all forest management
He will know the different techniques of data elaboration and will
be able to draft projects and planes of forest
Course contents:  1. Background and aims:
Forests in Italy and Lombardy
Ecosystem services
Sustainable forest management
Levels of forest planning
Contents of forest management plans
Regional forest law

2. Multifunctional forest management
Natural disturbances
Climate change and silviculture
Forest fire planning
Forest planning maps
Direct protection forests
Carbon stocking
Urban forest management
Wood and energy chains
Biodiversity and natura 2000 management

3. Implementing forest plans
Dendrometric and relascopic sampling
Structural parameters of forests and how to calculate them
Forest sampling and surveys
How to calculate forest increment
How to calculate normal mass and yield
Detailed harvest planning
Harvesting methods
Forest mapping and remote sensing
Interpretation and production of sections of plans
New technologies for forest planning
Program:  Forests of Italy and Lombardy
The wood supply chains
Ecosystem services, forest certification
Regional forest legislation, forest planning, forest consortia
Field excursion: dendrometric surveys
Structural parameters of the forest and their calculation (part 1)
Classroom exercise: contents and interpretation of management
Fire prevention planning
Exercise in the classroom: The structural parameters of the forest
and their calculation (part 2)
Subjects involved in forest planning; participatory and multi-
stakeholder planning
Contents of forest management plans; Compartmentalization and
management units; describing the forest (site factors)
Statistical sampling; relascopic survey
Auxology, calculation of the increment
Exercise in the classroom: The structural parameters of the forest
and their calculation (part 3)
Quantitative planning: volume, increment, normal mass and yield
Tactical harvest planning; harvest techniques; forest road
planning; wood sales; rural development plans
Forest mapping; GIS; GPS; Remote sensing and Lidar
Natural disturbances; Risk assessment; Silviculture and climate
change; PES
Quantifying ecosystem services: direct protection forests
Quantifying ecosystem services: carbon stocks
Biodiversity, Natura 2000 and conservation standards; forest
connectivity analysis; Forest Europe; EIA
Biomass supply plans
Classroom exercise: volume tables, calculating increment by
Pressler and Schneider formulas
Field excursion: how to "read" a forest; topographical surveys and
GPS; site and forest description; tree marking simulation
Classroom exercise: interpretation and editing of parts of
management plans
New technologies for forest planning (simulation and optimization
Management of urban forests
The Paris agreements and the mitigation of climate change
Prerequisites:  Math (unit conversions, proportions, first and second degree
equations) and calculus (functions, derivatives); how
to read a map; English level B2 (understanding short texts and
video); web search; MS Excel or other spreadsheet
Preparatory instructions:  General and special silviculture
Learning materials:  Course presentations, exercises, study material and additional
readings will be uploaded on Ariel.
Lombardy Regional Law 5/2007 "Norme Forestali Regionali"
National forest law 2018

Corona et al., Pianificazione ecologica dei sistemi forestali
Bettinger et al., Forest planning and management, 2nd ed.
La Marca O., Elementi di dendrometria, 3 ed.
Other info:  Written test (2 hours) with open questions on course program
topics, exercises to calculate dendrometric or auxometric
parameters, interpretation and writing of excerpts from Forest
management Plans.
Program of Silvicultural systems - part 2: Forest planning (pdf version)
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