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Facoltà di Scienze Agrarie e Alimentari Università degli Studi di Milano
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International cooperation and crop-livestock systems
Codice: G581G-
Docente:  Gianni Matteo Crovetto
Anno di corso:   
Quadrimestre/semestre: 
CFU: 
Articolazione dei CFU: Lezioni frontali: 5
Altro: 1
Obiettivi formativi:  Aim of the course is to provide the agronomists who intend to work in the field of the international cooperation, with the analysis factors of the agro-feeding systems in the developing countries. Firstly, the present agricultural and livestock productive structures in the different geographic, ecological and climatic areas of the world are described. Secondly, a review of the concepts and principles related to feed security and feed safety are also presented and discussed, liaising with the dynamics of the domestic and international markets. Both the rural and the peri-urban areas are considered in this survey. By a systemic approach some important food chains are analysed, with a particular reference to the use of sustainable productive factors and to the set-up of farm systems for the agricultural and livestock productions. Starting from case studies, a methodology is proposed to plan development projects in crop and animal production, to implement and to monitor them in view of an economic and environmental sustainability. The present issues dealing with the food and environment crises, with the North/South imbalance, and with the tools of the international cooperation, are presented and discussed also with the contribute of some outside experts.
Competenze acquisite:  At the end of the course and when the final examination will be
positively passed, the student will have gained knowledge and
expertise on the different crop and livestock husbandry systems
and technologies in the world, with the critical points and the
assets of each system. He/she will have also learnt how to plan,
implement and monitor a development project on agriculture and
animal production social friendly and economically and
environmentally sustainable.
Sintesi del programma:  Overview of the present situation in terms of
development/under-development in the various geographic
areas of the world. Gap between income and population
density. Food excess and shortage in the world. Problems
linked to increasing demography and urbanism. The different
crop and livestock systems in the world. Erosion, desertification
and the grazing systems. The “mixed” systems. Landless farms
and animal rearing systems: social and environmental aspects.
Intensive animal husbandry: damage, opulence or opportunity?
International Cooperation and Developing Countries. The NGO.
Planning of development projects: from the analysis of the
needs to the description of the project, its implementation and
subsequent monitoring. Case studies of agricultural/livestock
development projects. The role of the counterpart and that of
the extension service. Microcredit, a tool, not a goal.
Programma:  World demographic growth, denutrition and malnutrition, social and economic imbalances, evolution, trends and forecasts in food consumption, particularly food of animal origin, in the Planet. Soil use for crop and animal production in the different areas of the world: extensive, semi-intensive, and intensive systems. Assets and limits of pasture. The need for arable land to produce feeds: consequences of deforestation. Land grabbing in the developing countries (DC). Carbon and water foot-print of the different commodities and foods of animal origin. Food of animal origin in the DC: luxury or right? Animal husbandry for self-consumption and for the market. Assets and limits of the exported technologies from the industrialized countries. Assets and limits of globalization. Food security, food safety and environmental sustainability of the different livestock systems. The role of the international cooperation. The development projects: case studies examples. The importance of the local extension service and of the active and responsible involvement of the counterpart and of the beneficiaries. Dairy and meat production systems and chains in different situations: the pastoral nomadism, the “minor” species farms and the monogastrics (pigs, broilers, laying hens) production units.
Prerequisiti:  No specific expertise is required
Propedeuticità:  No preceding/introductory exams are required
Materiale didattico:  Minutes of the lessons.
Scientific papers and documents and informative articles and
reports are available on ARIEL
Modalità d'esame e altre info:  Oral examination. The student can prepare a review on a
given topic which will be discussed during the
examination.
Workshops and seminars dealing with the topics of the
course will be brought to the attention of the students and they
will be strongly encouraged to participate in these events.
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Programma di International cooperation and crop-livestock systems (versione in pdf)
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